Bhanubhakta was born in 1814 AD (1874 BS) on July 13. He was born in a village called Chundi Ramgh of Tanahun district in Nepal. He was born into a high-class brahmin family. Acharya was educated by his grandfather, Shri Krishna Acharya. His father Dhananjaya Acharya was a government official who worked for General Amar Singh Thapa as Governor of Palpa, in western Nepal.
Back in those days, every piece of literature was written in Sanskrit and common people couldn’t understand the Sanskrit language. So the works were only limited to well-educated brahmin people, who had learned Sanskrit. But, Bhanubhakta Acharya changed the meta and started writing in the Nepali language.
Because of this, he popularised the Nepali language and Nepali literature as a whole. He also gained the favour of the then Rana family. Acharya also translated the epic Ramayana into Nepali, as he wanted Ramayana to be read by common people who didn’t get the opportunity to learn Sanskrit. Not only that he was also a huge devotee of Lord Ram.
Bhanubhakta Acharya is referred to as Adikavi not because he was the very first Nepali poem to ever exist in Nepal but because he was the first poet to write in Nepali. He made Nepali a language that can be used in literature writing. He is also given that title as he was the first poet to understand the marma (or inner essence) of poetry.